Applying ashes from biomass power plant as structural layers of roads


     Biomass power plant has provided an alternative source of power. However, the biomass production produces enormous volume of waste especially fly ash and bottom ash. These ash materials are expensive to manage or eliminate. Experimental studies have been conducted to identify ways to reuse these waste materials, including road building. Both types of ash have similar properties to that of natural materials used in road construction as well as pozzolan, which is used to make concrete as it is an excellent binding material. However, because fly ash and bottom ash contain heavy metals and pollutants, further assessment on the environmental impact together with physiochemical characterization are more than necessary.

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Insect bait rubber foam mixture to control fruit flies


     Fruit farmers typically bait insects by hanging a trap filled with pheromone-soaked cotton ball on a tree. However, because cotton ball contains a large empty space, pheromone evaporates too quickly. For this reason, the bait loses its efficiency especially in hot weather, farmers have to refill the bait frequently facing additional expense. Rubber foam mixture bait on the other hand can effectively control fruit flies and with going through less pheromone by 5-10 times. The method can preserve fruits as long as 90 days compared to 10-15 days in hot weather or 20 days in cool weather when using the traditional cotton ball method. The rubber foam bait method is being experimented by the farmers and in data collection phase to prepare for further entrepreneurial and commercial development.

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Marketing logistics to support latex pillow production


     For many years, researchers have invented latex products to counter dropping rubber price. Latex pillow is among the most popular of such products. Known for its high quality; the pillow is made with soft and flexible latex materials that redistribute pressure hence remedy body ache and pain and support optimal blood flow while providing ergonomic head support as well as good ventilation.

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Effects of religions and tradition on home-based caregivers of psychiatric patients in the conflict areas of Southern region


     The continuing violent conflict in southern Thailand since 2004 has increased anxiety and fear among the citizens of Southern region. The instability effects common citizens and government officers who have had to cope with uncertainty in their daily living – having to withhold any religious rituals or changing commuting route to work for safety and lacking transportation options at a certain time of day due to curfew or unrest, for example. These factors inadvertently cause calamity among psychiatric service provision and delivery. 

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